Using Riverpod with Firebase in Flutter

Riverpod is a reactive state-management library for Flutter that can simplify the way global data is shared throughout your application. It is especially useful with Firebase because it allows to you easily join Streams together, like a Firestore document with a Firebase Auth user.

The following tutorial demonstrates how to use Riverpod to manage Firebase Auth state and relational realtime data in Firestore.

Learning Objectives

  • Riverpod Basics w/ Firebase
  • Listen to the current user’s auth state
  • Join realtime Firestore data based on current user’s UID

Setup

This tutorial assumes you have already installed Firebase into your app. Install Riverpod by adding it to the pubspec.yaml file.

Starter Code

The application should initialize Firebase and look something like this:

file_type_light_yaml pubspec.yaml
firebase_core: "^1.10.0"
cloud_firestore: "^3.1.0"
firebase_auth: "^3.2.0"
flutter_riverpod: ^1.0.0

The main function should initialize Firebase and the root widget should be wrapped in a ProviderScope.

file_type_flutter main.dart
import 'dart:async';
import 'package:flutter/material.dart';
import 'package:hooks_riverpod/hooks_riverpod.dart';
import 'package:firebase_core/firebase_core.dart';
import 'package:firebase_auth/firebase_auth.dart';
import 'package:cloud_firestore/cloud_firestore.dart';


void main() async {
  WidgetsFlutterBinding.ensureInitialized();
  await Firebase.initializeApp();
  runApp(
    ProviderScope(
      child: MyApp(),
    ),
  );
}

Riverpod Basics

Provider

A provider is a global state container that can be used to share data between widgets.

file_type_flutter main.dart
final helloWorldProvider = Provider((_) => 'Hello world');

ConsumerWidget

Riverpod provides a base class called ConsumerWidget to replace the StatefulWidget class. It has the ability to listen to changes in the state of a provider. It provides a widget reference that contains a watch method to access the current provider value.

file_type_flutter main.dart
class MyApp extends ConsumerWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context, WidgetRef ref) {
    
    final String helloWorld = ref.watch(helloWorldProvider);

    return MaterialApp(
      home: Scaffold(
        appBar: AppBar(
          title: Text(helloWorld),
        ),
      ),
    );
  }
}

Firebase Auth Provider

FirebaseAuth provides the current user as a Stream. Riverpod has a StreamProvider class that can wrap the Firebase auth state, allowing you to access the current user from any widget easily.

Create a StreamProvider

A StreamProvider is just a provider that returns a Stream.

final userProvider = StreamProvider<User?>(
  (ref) => FirebaseAuth.instance.authStateChanges(),
);

Consume a StreamProvider

The provider contains a when method that will build a different UI depending on the data, loading, and error states.

file_type_flutter main.dart
class MyApp extends ConsumerWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(BuildContext context, WidgetRef ref) {

    final user = ref.watch(userProvider);

    return user.when(
      data: (user) {
        return MaterialApp(...);
      },
      error: (e, s) => Text('error'),
      loading: () => Text('loading'),
    );
  }
}

Firestore Provider

In this section, we query a Firestore document with the UID and listen to changes in realtime. The beauty of Riverpod is that we can compose providers together to handle complex relationships that react to changes in other providers.

Query Firestore with UID

This demo assumes every user has an account document in Firestore, like accounts/{uid}. The provider will query Firestore with the current user’s UID. If the UID does not exist, just return an empty Stream.

Note: This pattern is similar to the relational switchMap technique used in the Full Flutter Course with RxDart.

file_type_flutter main.dart
final dataProvider = StreamProvider<Map?>(
  (ref) {
    final userStream = ref.watch(userProvider);

    var user = userStream.value;

    if (user != null) {
      var docRef =
          FirebaseFirestore.instance.collection('accounts').doc(user.uid);
      return docRef.snapshots().map((doc) => doc.data());
    } else {
      return Stream.empty();
    }
  },
);

Consume Realtime Data

Now consume the provider just like the previous example.

class AccountDetails extends ConsumerWidget {
  @override
  Widget build(context, ref) {
    final data = ref.watch(dataProvider);

    return data.when(
      data: (data) {
        return Text(data?['hello'] ?? 'empty');
      },
      error: (e, s) => Text('error'),
      loading: () => Text('waiting for data...'),
    );
  }
}

Riverpod is a reactive state-management library for Flutter that can simplify the way global data is shared throughout your application. It is especially useful with Firebase because it allows to you easily join Streams together, like a Firestore document with a Firebase Auth user.

The following tutorial demonstrates how to use Riverpod to manage Firebase Auth state and relational realtime data in Firestore.

Learning Objectives

  • Riverpod Basics w/ Firebase
  • Listen to the current user’s auth state
  • Join realtime Firestore data based on current user’s UID

Setup

This tutorial assumes you have already installed Firebase into your app. Install Riverpod by adding it to the pubspec.yaml file.

Starter Code

The application should initialize Firebase and look something like this: …

Upgrade to PRO for the Full Lesson

Monthly

$25/month
  • Unlimited access to PRO courses
  • Cancel anytime
  • Slack #pro-member invite
  • AngularFirebase Survival Guide Book
  • No ads

Quarterly

$50/3mo
  • All monthly tier benefits
  • 💰 33.33% discount
  • 🔥 Free Sticker

Lifetime

$300/one-time
  • All monthly tier Benefits
  • 💸 One-time payment
  • 👕 Free Commemorative T-Shirt

You must be logged in to view this content.

Q&A Chat